Requirements of Dogs
for Breeding Purposes
The German shepherd Dog is
medium sized. With the hair pressed down, the height at the withers is measured
by stick along the vertical as it follows the line of the elbow from the withers
to the ground. The ideal height at the withers is 62.5cm for males and 57.5cm for
females. An allowance of 2.5cm over or under is permissible. Exceeding the maximum
as well as not meeting the minimum diminishes the working and breeding value of
The German Shepherd Dog is slightly long, stretched, powerful and well muscled.
The bones are dry and firmly developed. The ratio of height to length and placement
and structure of the limbs (angulation) are so balanced that a far reaching, effortless
gait is guaranteed. He has a weatherproof coat. A harmonious appearance is desired
as long as the working ability of the dog is not called into question. Sex characteristics
must be pronounced, as the masculinity of the males and the femininity of the females
must be unmistakable.
The German Shepherd Dog who corresponds to the standard offers the observer a picture
of rugged strength, intelligence and agility whose overall proportions are neither
in excess nor substandard in any way.
The manner in which the dog moves and behaves must express that on a sound body
lives a healthy mind, and, therefore, the fundamental characteristics are in evidence
to enable the dog to be ready and able to prove the working dog characteristics
Only a trained expert will be able to determine whether the working dog characteristics
of the German Shepherd Dog are in evidence. Therefore, only special judges should
be commissioned, whose duty it must be to test the dog's temperament, including
the gun indifference test. Only German Shepherd Dogs who are in possession of a
training degree can be awarded the rating of excellent. (V)
Outgoing disposition must be in evidence and the dog must possess a willingness
to perform and be accustomed to all situations. The dog should complete all assigned
tasks willfully and in a friendly manner.
The dog must possess courage and hardness to be able to defend its master as well
as the possessions of the family.
The dog must be able to demonstrate willing and outgoing combativeness upon demand
of the handler, but also must be alert, obedient and a pleasing companion, pleasing
in its environment, aloof to children as well as animals, and aloof during contact
To sum it up -
a harmonious picture of natural nobility and of respectable self assurance.
Angulation and Movement
The German Shepherd Dog is
a gaiter. His gait exhibits a diagonal movement; that is, the hind and foreleg on
the same side always move in opposite directions. Therefore, the limbs must be so
similarly proportioned to one another, angulated, that the action of the rear as
it is always carried through to the middle of the body is matched by an equally
far reaching forehand causing no essential change in the topline. The over angulated
rear diminishes the firmness and endurance. The correct proportions of height to
length and corresponding length of leg bones results in a ground covering gait which
is low to the ground and gives the impression of effortless progression. With his
head thrust forward and tail slightly raised, a balanced and steady trotter will
have a topline running unbroken in a gentle curve from the tip of the ears over
the neck and back to the tip of the tail.
Temperament, Character and Abilities
Strong nerves, alertness,
self confidence, trainability, watchfulness, loyalty and incorruptability as well
as courage, hardness and fighting drive are the outstanding characteristics of a
pure bred German Shepherd Dog. They make him suitable to be a superior working dog
in general and especially as a guard, companion, protection and herding dog. His
ample scenting ability added to his conformation as a trotter makes it possible
for him to quietly and surely work out a trail without bodily strain and with his
nose close to the ground. This makes him highly useful as a multi-purpose track
and search dog.
The head should be in proportion
to the body size (in length, approximately 40 percent of the height of the withers)
and not coarse, over refined nor over stretched. In general appearance, it should
be dry with moderate breadth between the ears. The forehead, when viewed from the
side, is only slightly arched. It should be without a center furrow or with only
one slightly defined.
The cheeks form a gentle curve laterally without protrusion toward the front. When
viewed from above, the skull (in length, approximately 50 percent of the entire
head length) tapers gradually and evenly from the ears to the tip of the nose, with
a sloping rather than a sharply defined stop, into a long, dry wedge shaped muzzle.
The upper and lower jaws must be strongly developed.
The width of the skull should correspond approximately to the length of the skull.
A slightly oversized skull in the case of the male and slightly undersized in the
case of the female is not objectionable. The muzzle is strong and the lips are firm,
dry and close tightly. The bridge of the nose is straight and runs nearly parallel
with the plane of the forehead.
Dentition must be strong,
healthy and complete with 42 teeth, 20 in the upper jaw and 22 in the lower jaw.
The German Shepherd Dog has a scissor bite, therefore, the outside surface of the
lower incisors slide next to the inside surface of the upper incisors. A level,
overshot or undershot bite is faulty as are large gaps between teeth. The jaws must
be strongly developed so that the teeth may be deeply rooted.
The ears are of medium size,
wide at the base and set high. They taper to a point and are carried facing forward
and vertical. Tipped ears are undesirable and ears that drop or have been cropped
must be rejected. Ears drawn toward each other greatly impair the general appearance.
The ears of puppies and young dogs sometimes drop or pull toward each other during
the teething period, which can last until the sixth month of age and sometimes longer.
While in motion or in a relaxed position, many dogs do carry their ears relaxed
against the head.
This is not a fault.
The eyes are of medium size,
almond shaped, set somewhat aslant and not protuberant. The color of the eye should
blend with the color of the coat and be as dark as possible. They should have a
lively, intelligent and self-confident expression.
The neck should be strong
with well developed muscles and no loose folds or dewlaps. It is normally held level
but is raised up when excited and it is lowered while in motion.
The body length should exceed
the height at the withers by 110-117%; square or tall dogs are not desired. The
chest is deep but not too broad. The ribs should be well formed and long, neither
flat or barreled. The rib cage extends far back so that the loin is relatively short.
The underchest should be long and pronounced. The belly should be moderately drawn
The withers are long and high, sloping slightly from front to rear and defined against
the back into which it gently blends without breaking the topline. The back and
loin should be straight and well muscled, yet not too long from the withers to the
The loin should be wide, strong and well muscled. The croup is long and slightly
angled. Short sloping or flat croups are undesirable.
The shoulder blade should
be long and set at an oblique angle and lie flat against the body. The upper arm
and the shoulder must be strong and well muscled. The forearm must be straight when
viewed from all sides. The bones of the upper and forearm are more oval than round.
The pasterns should be firm but neither too steep nor too flat. The elbows must
be neither turned in nor out. The length of the running bones should exceed the
depth of the chest 55%.
The thigh is broad and well
muscled. The upper thigh is fairly long and, viewed from the side, is set diagonally
to a proportionately long stifle bone. The hock joint is strong and forms a firm
joint with the lower thigh bone. The entire hindquarters must be strong and well
muscled to be capable of carrying the body effortlessly forward.
The tail is bushy and should
reach at least to the hock joint but is not beyond the middle of the hock. Sometimes
the tail forms a hook to one side at its end -- this is undesirable. The tail is
normally carried in a gentle downward curve, but when the dog is excited or in motion,
it is curved more and carried higher, though it should never be carried past the
vertical. Therefore, the tail should never be carried straight or curved over the
back. Docked tails are to be rejected.
The feet are relatively short,
round, tight and arched. The pads are hard but not chapped. The nails are short
and strong and of a dark color. Dewclaws sometimes appear on the rear legs but should
removed within the first few days after whelping.
The color can be black, gray,
either as a solid color or with regular brown, tan or light gray markings or a black
saddle. Also, the sable pattern of a black overlay or a gray, tan, or brown base
with lighter markings to tone. Small white markings on the forechest or a very light
color on the insides of the legs is permissible though not desired. The nose must
be black with all colors. The undercoat, except in black dogs, is always a lighter
shade. The final color of a puppy is only determined when the outer coat has completely
developed. Dogs with an insufficient mask or who are lacking the mask, with yellowish
eyes or light eyes, light markings on the chest and on the inside of the feet as
well as yellowish toenails or a red tail or washed out soft colors are lacking in
The medium smooth coated German
Shepherd Dog - The outer coat should be as thick as possible and composed of straight,
coarse hairs that lay close to the body. The coat is short at the toes, but it grows
longer and more profuse on the neck. The hair grows longer on the back of the fore
and rear legs as far down as the pastern and the hock joint and forms moderate trousers
on the thighs. The length of the hair varies and due to these differences in length,
there are many intermediate types. A too short mole-like coat is faulty.
The long smooth coated German Shepherd Dog - The individual hairs are longer, not
always straight but definitely not lying close and flat to the body. The coat is
considerably longer inside and behind the ears, on the back of the forearm and usually
in the loin area. Often there will be tufts behind the ears and feathering from
elbow from elbow to pastern. The trousers along the thigh is long and thick. The
tail is bushy with light feathering underneath. This coat type is not as weather
proof as the medium coat and it is therefore undesirable. However, if there is sufficient
undercoat, it may be passed for breeding. Dogs with long coats are commonly narrow
chested and have narrow over stretched muzzles. The dog with sufficient undercoat
may be passed for breeding, depending upon the rules and regulations of the country.
The long coated German Shepherd Dog - The hair is appreciably longer that that of
the long smooth coated dog and tends to form a parting along the back. If present
at all, the undercoating will not be weather proofing nor of utility value and,
therefore, should not be passed for breeding.
The following faults exclude
a dog for use in breeding. Anything that impairs working powers, endurance and competency,
in particular lack of sex charisterics or shepherd instincts such as apathy, weak
nerves or over-excitability, shyness; lacking in vitality or willingness to work;
monorchids and cryptorchids and testicles too small; soft or flabby constitution
and lack of substance; fading pigment; blues and whites; over and undersized dogs.
Other faults include stunted growth; disproportionate height or length; overloaded
chest; too refined or coarse build; soft backs; too steep a chest; too steep a placement
of the limbs or anything else that detracts from reach or endurance of gait; a muzzle
that is too short, blunt, weak, pointed or narrow and lacking in strength, an over
or undershot bite or any other faults of dentition, especially weak or worn teeth.
A coat that is too soft, too short or too long and lacking in undercoat, hanging
ears, a permanently faulty ear carriage or cropped ears. A ringed, curled or generally
faulty tail set, a docked tail or naturally short tail.
All brood stock must be of
absolutely sound temperament, display proper character and be healthy. These animals
must display the sex charisteics outlined in the standard.
Hard constitution, outgoing and sound temperament charisterics are mandatory.
Working dog type immunity against infectious diseases is desirable.
The owner of the stud dog as well as the owner of the bitch should be aware of the
Standard and the rules regulating the "Registry"of the offspring prior to the mating.
Both should avoid breedings which may be detrimental to the breed. While the breeder
of the litter should know best whether the bitch fulfills all requirements set forth
by the standard and the Registry, the owner of the stud dog will also bear part
of the responsibility and should demand the necessary breed classification documents
from the owner of the bitch prior to the mating.
Planned brood stock shall be evaluated by designated USA or SV personnel and shall
be placed into one of the following classes:
Körklasse I - Breed Class I
Dogs which are highly recommended for Breeding (Breed Class I). These are dogs that
have been classified by a Körmeister or Breed Survey or during a USA or SV sanctioned
Körung or Breed Survey. It is recommended that breed surveyed dogs be bred only
to other breed surveyed dogs.
Körklasse II - Breed Class II
Dogs which are recommended for breeding (Breed Class II). These are dogs that have
been classified by a Körmeister or Breed Surveyor during a USA or SV sanctioned
Körung or Breed Survey.
Dogs which are suitable for breeding. These are dogs which have been evaluated by
USA or SV personnel and approved for breeding purposes. It is recommended that dogs
which have been evaluated as breed worthy be bred only to breed surveyed dogs or
other dogs classified as breed worthy.
Dogs which are undesirable for breeding purposes and are not recommended for breeding.
These are dogs that fit into one of the following categories:
- lacking pedigreed ancestry of at least 4 generations of pure German Shepherd Dog
- classified as unsuitable for breeding purposes by designated USA or SV personnel
or which fail to obtain the rating of at least "Good" at a USA or SV sanctioned
- obviously stricken by disease.
- faulty nervous system (nervous, shy, fear biters, unsure, gun shy, etc.) as determined
by USA or SV licensed evaluator.
- suffering hip dysplasia.
- missing testicles (monorchid or cryptorchid) or visibly underdeveloped testicles.
- long coats.
- pigmentation problems such as blues, albinos, and white dogs with black nose.
- obvious ear and tail deficiencies.
- other obvious structural faults.
- lacking proper dentition such as the absence of pre-molar #3 and one or more tooth,
one canine, one pre-molar #4, missing one molar #1 or #2, or a total of 3 (three)
or more missing teeth or overshot or undershot bites.
- a cesarean section operation is permitted three times per bitch after which the
bitch should be retired from breeding.
- Muscle Pectineous operation is permitted and is to be annotated on the pedigree
by the performing veterinarian provided the animal has been classified as dysplastic
prior to the operation.
Not acceptable for breeding purposes.
- dogs from incest breeding such as parents to children, grandparents to grandchildren
or brothers to sisters. In breeding closer that (2-3) or 3-2), also in case of siblings
is not allowed.
Minimum age Requirements for Breeding
Experience has shown that
a minimum age requirement is necessary for a successful long term breeding program.
German Shepherd Dogs are a slow maturing breed and should not be used for breeding
until a safe mature age has been attained. The average age of physiological maturity
lies at approximately two (2) years of age for dogs and at approximately twenty
(20) months for bitches. Breeding should not occur until these ages have been attained.
Litters from matings when one or both parents have not reached these minimum age
requirements prior to the date of mating will not find acceptance into the Registry.
Responsibilities of the Breeder
The owner of the bitch at
the time the stud service is consummated is considered to be the breeder of the
litter. The date of mating must be recorded immediately. The breeder bears the responsibility
to properly nourish and groom the bitch in whelp and to obtain veterinary assistance
when needed. The breeder must notify the Breed Warden within ten days of the whelping
and invite the Breed Warden to visit the mother and the litter as soon as possible.
If the bitch is sold after breeding but before whelping, the breeder's rights are
to be transferred to the new owner. The Registry must be immediately notified in
writing of the transfer of ownership. Otherwise the breeder of record will be the
seller of the bitch.
The leasing of pregnant bitches or leasing of bitches for breeding purposes is permissible
provided the leasee has possession of the pregnant mother during pregnancy or is
able to confirm that proper care is being administered by someone else during pregnancy.
The Breed Warden must confirm that all aspects are being met and note on the pedigree
application that proper care has been administered. The lessee will assume custodianship
responsibilities of the bitch and ensure that proper care has been maintained until
the bitch is returned to the lessor.
Under normal circumstances, a hobby breeder is defined as a breeder who breeds not
more than 6 litters per year. The registration of the seventh litter within a calendar
year should be reviewed by the committee. The Breed Warden's recommendation shall
prevail following an inspection. (Exceptions are non-profit organizations such as
seeing eye foundations provided the non-profitability can be certified.)
All breeders must apply to the Registry for protection of their Kennel Name. Every
puppy bred thereafter by that kennel will be registered with that name. The registered
name will remain with the dog for life. No one else can ever adopt the kennel name
or register any puppy with that name. Breeders who already have a registered name
with the SV will be allowed to retain that name, but the kennel name must be registered
The Stud Dog
Stud dogs which are in possession of an "a" stamp or an "OFA" certification or a
USA approved certification pertaining to hip x-rays are permitted service sixty
(60) bitches annually.
During a calendar year, 50% of the stud services should be accomplished in the first
6 months and 50% in the last 6 months. Breedings should be spaced out and multiple
breedings within a short period of time are discouraged since the fertility of the
stud may become questionable.
It is assumed that the stud services are distributed evenly throughout the calendar
During the calendar year in which the dog reaches 2 years of age, the number of
allowable stud services is reduced by 5 times the number of months that pass before
the dog's month of birth.
These stud service rules are to be followed and are a guideline even though some
of the offspring are registered with a different agency. Should it be determined
that a stud dog is limited in his fertility or is sterile, the committee may declare
the dog as non-studworthy. Owner of bitches which were empty or did not bear offspring
from a non-studworthy dog should reimbursed the stud fees.
Brood bitches can be bred twice a year provided they are healthy. It is recommended
that Brood bitches which were breed surveyed be bred only to breed surveyed stud
It is suggested that dewclaws appearing on the back legs of puppies be removed within
10 days after whelping.
It is believed that through
the breeding of dogs that possess normal hip joint configuration, the incidence
of hip dysplasia can be reduced.
Owners and breeders are encouraged to have dogs tattooed, (see Tattooing) if they
are not already, at the same time that the hips are x-rayed. The x-ray should include
the tattoo number of the dog.
In order to determine the true incidence of hip dysplasia and to determine the quality
of hips produced by the dogs in the Registry, owners are encouraged to report all
hip x-ray evaluations on all dogs in the Registry. The original OFA report form
is to be sent to the USA office for entry into the dog's file. The OFA report form
will be returned to the owner. The Registry will publish annually a list of all
registered dogs that have received an OFA or "a" stamp hip certification.
The registry accepts only
German Shepherd Dogs for registration and only those animals meeting one or more
of the following criteria:
*German Shepherd Dogs that have passed a USA or SV sanctioned Breed Survey.
*German Shepherd Dogs with a pedigree showing at least four generations of Pure
*Progeny resulting when both parents are Breed Surveyed.
*Progeny resulting when both parents are evaluated as acceptable for breeding by
designated USA or SV personnel.
*Progeny resulting when both parents possess a Schutzhund or Herding (HGH) degree,
an OFA or "a" stamp hip certification and a conformation rating of at least "Good"
or better received in a USA or SV sanctioned conformation event.
Tattooing is mandatory for
all dogs in the Registry. Tattooing should be accomplished prior to the eighth week
of life. Only those puppies that are healthy and those with German Shepherd Dog
characteristcs are to be tattooed and registered. The responsibility of the litter
inspection and tattooing rests with the Breed Warden and Tattooer. Puppies can only
be tattooed in the prudence of the breeder and a USA approved Tattooer; therefore,
puppies reared by a foster mother should be returned to the breeder for tattooing.
A set of records of all dogs tattooed will be maintained by both the Tattooer and
the Registry. Breeders have no recourse to USA or the Tattooer if a puppy should
not properly carry the tattoo later in life.
Adult dogs can be tattooed and then registered with the Registry. The tattoo number
and its location are to be verified by the local Breed Warden.
Tattoo numbering system for USA
RTYBBLP (seven digit tattoo
| | | | | | P: Number of Puppy in litter
| | | | | | 1 First Puppy
| | | | | | 2 Second Puppy
| | | | | | :
| | | | | | 9 Ninth Puppy
| | | | | | A Tenth Puppy
| | | | | |
| | | | | L: Identification Letter of Litter
| | | | | A A Litter
| | | | | B B Litter
| | | | | :
| | | | | Z Z Litter
| | | | |
| | | B B: Identification of Breeder
| | | A A Breeder number 1
| | | B B Breeder number 2
| | | :
| | | Z Z Breeder number 529
| | |
| | Y: Last Digit of Birth Year of Puppy
| | 0 1980, 1990, 2000, etc.
| | 1 1981, 1991, 2001, etc
| | :
| | 9 1989, 1999, 2009, etc.
| T: Identification of Tattooer
| A Tattooer number 1
| B Tattooer number 2
| Z Tattooer number 23
Regions of the USA
B New England
D North Central
E Mid Central
G South Central
K Pacific Northwest
M Rocky Mountain/Great Plains
The Verein fur Deutsche Schaferhunde (SV), and included clubs, is the foundation
club, thereby authoritative and accountable for the breed, recognized by the VDH
The Breed Survey Rules of USA serve the advancement of the systematic breeding of
the German Shepherd Dog breed, and regulate the whole domain of breeding selection.
They consist of these regulations and are binding on all members of the organization.
The objective of the Breed Survey rules is to find a select group among the breeding
animals that their character, their performance and their anatomical structure evidence
themselves in exceptional measures to be suitable to preserve and advance the breed.
A. Breed Survey Office
The Breed Survey Office establishes the yearly Breed Survey
schedule (dates, clubs, officiating Breed Survey Judge and Breed Survey districts
and so on). In the Breed Survey Office all Breed Survey Reports are recorded, the
formal accuracy checked and reports proved by documents. The Breed Survey Office
writes out Breed Survey Certificates and publishes early all Breed Surveyed dogs
in the Breed Survey Book.
B. Breed Survey Judge
For carrying out the Breed Surveys USA approves experienced Breed Show Judges as
Breed Survey Judges. The Breed Survey Judges have no legal claim on yearly nomination
for Breed Surveys.
C. Legal Points
1. A dog owned by a person with a documented Breed Book prohibition can
neither be presented by that person nor by someone else.
2. The decision of the officiating
Breed Survey Judge ruling is final. A protest is not allowable.
Prerequisites for Participation in Breed Surveys
A. For the Dog - For the Breed
Survey, only German Shepherd Dogs are allowed which are entered in the Breed Book
of a recognized organization. In the year of the Breed Survey, they must become
a minimum of 2 years old.
B. Proof of a minimum of a SchH 1, IPO 1, DPO 1, or HGH under a USA recognized working
judge. Trials will only be recognized when they are hosted by a member organization
of the WUSV or working dog organization of the FCI.
C. Proof of an AD examination.
D. "a" stamp recorded in the pedigree. (In lieu of the "a" stamp, certification
by the OFA will be acceptable.)
E. Proof of a minimum breed evaluation of "Good".
F. Further prerequisites -
-sick dogs are not to be presented
-Breed Judge advised of females in heat, he arranges their participation
-dog must be able to be identified by a tattoo number
-spayed or neutered animals not eligible for Breed Survey
Applying for the Breed Survey
The day of the Breed Survey,
the following documents must be presented:
A. Original recognized registration certificate and certified 4 generation pedigree.
C. For re-survey, original Breed Survey Certificate
D. Proof of the remaining " prerequisites"
The maximum number of allowable dogs for one Breed Survey day is 50. With an entry
of more than 50 dogs, it is required to hold an additional Breed Survey day (or
half day) during that same weekend.
At The Breed Survey
A. Character Test - Every
dog is to submit to a temperament test by the Breed Survey Judge. The examination
of the temperament can result from observation during the whole Breed Survey. The
dog has to show itself, in compliance with the standard, sure in temperament, that
is in particular impartial, self confident, stable in nerve, and good-natured.
B. Gun Test - From a distance of a minimum of 15 paces,
a minimum of 2 shots are fired from a blank gun (6mm); thereby the dog has to behave
C. Courage and Fighting Instinct Test
On the instruction of the Breed Survey Judge the dog handler with his dog on leash
goes in the direction of the hiding place. About 15 paces before the hiding place
the position is marked where the dog handler unleashes the dog and has to bring
it forward free at heel. About 5 paces before arrival at the hiding place the helper
suddenly comes out of the hiding place and attacks the handler form the front. Contact
between the dog handler and the helper is not permitted.
The dog must immediately attack the helper and grip firmly. Hereby the dog receives
from the helper two hits with a padded, flexible stick. It is permissible to strike
the thighs, sides and the area of the withers. Upon the instruction of the Breed
Survey Judge the helper discontinues the attack. The dog has to independently or
else on the command "out, to release. After the surprise attack is completed, the
dog handler holds the dog firmly by the collar. The helper runs away in a straight
direction while making threatening movements. After a distance of 50 paces the dog
handler sends the dog forward and stands still. The Breed Survey Judge tells the
helper to turn around when the dog is still about 30 paces away from him. With vigorous
threatening movements and sounds, the helper runs toward the dog without hitting
it. Once the dog has gripped, the helper must after a short pressing, discontinue
the resistance. Thereupon the dog has to independently or on the command "out" to
release.. After the release, the dog handler stands still for about a half minute,
without influencing the dog. On the instruction of the Breed Survey Judge, the dog
handler goes to the dog and the helper at a rapid pace to collect the dog. The dog
handler leaves the field with his dog on leash.
If the dog releases after the surprise attack and the attempt to flee, by command
or independently, it receives the note "lets out". Not accomplishing this, also
only in one exercise, it receives the note "does not out". The Breed Survey evaluation
conferred on the dog remains thereby unaffected. The total result of the courage
and fighting instinct teat will be conferred in the evaluation steps "pronounced",
"sufficient", and "not sufficient". In connection with the fighting instinct test
the tattoo number control is undertaken by the Breed Survey Judge.
-As helper for the protection a qualified helper is placed at the disposal of the
Breed Survey Judge.
D. Measurements and Weights - The measurements for weight, chest depth, and chest
circumference can be recorded by the Breed Survey Secretary or by an authorized
helper; the recording of the wither height measurement is to be done by the Breed
E. Standing Examination and Movement Evaluation - During this inspection the Breed
Survey Judge establishes the Breed Survey Report. The dog is to be presented by
the handler, without substantial help, to the Bred Survey Judge.
F. Reports - After the conclusion of the respective Breed Survey of the individual
dog, the Breed Survey Judge gives a report over the public address system. The owner
of each dog receives from the Breed Survey Secretary an evaluation signed by the
Breed Survey Judge. It contains the results of the Breed Survey and the evidence
of the deposition of the registration certificate with the Breed Survey Office.
*dog must turn 2 years during
*four generation pedigree (certified)
*"a" stamp or OFA certificate
*BH, AD, and Working title (SchH, IPO, DPO, or HGH)
*show rating of at least "Good"
*proof of all of the above (pedigree, scorebook, show card, hip rating ...and don't
forget the dog)